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Eye Diseases

A quick look at some of the most common eye diseases diagnosed and often treated at Orange Plaza Optometry in Redlands

“Eye diseases” is a blanket term that refers to a host of diseases relating to the function of the eye. Below we describe some of the more common types of eye diseases and how they are generally treated. For more in-depth information, please speak with your eye care provider at Orange Plaza Optometry.

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva – the thin, protective membrane that covers the surface of the eyeball and inner surface of the eyelids. Caused by bacteria, viruses, allergens and other irritants like smoke and dust, pink eye is highly contagious and is usually accompanied by redness in the white of the eye and increased tearing and/or discharge.

While many minor cases improve within two weeks, some can develop into serious corneal inflammation and threaten sight. If you suspect conjunctivitis, visit your eye care provider at Orange Plaza Optometry for an examination and treatment.


Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic eye disease is a general term for a group of eye problems that can result from having type 1 or type 2 diabetes, including diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma.DIABETIC RET OD KEEL

Often there are no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic eye disease, so it is important that you don’t wait for symptoms to appear before having a comprehensive eye exam. Early detection and treatment of diabetic eye disease will dramatically reduce your chances of sustaining permanent vision loss. Dr. Navarro will carefully evaluate the retinas to follow and manage this and other important eye diseases.



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Often called “the silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is an increase in the intraocular pressure of the eyes, which causes damage to the optic nerve with no signs or symptoms in the early stages of the disease. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to a decrease in peripheral vision and eventually blindness.While there is no cure for glaucoma, there are medications and surgery available that can help halt further vision loss. Because Glaucoma has no symptoms the patient can feel, it is essential to have regular eye exams to detect and slow down the progress of the disease. Dr. Navarro has received certification in treatment and management for Glaucoma. This is the highest level of training given to optometrist in California. Dr. Navarro has managed many glaucoma patients in the Inland Empire.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a chronic, progressive disease that gradually destroys sharp central vision due to a deterioration of the macula, a tiny spot in the central portion of your retina comprised of millions of light-sensing cells. Because it is so commonly associated with aging, it is also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). There are two forms of AMD called “dry,” most common and with no known treatment, and “wet,” less common and treated with laser procedures. Genetic testing is now available to help identify those most likely to develop “wet” macular degeneration.dry-amd

In most cases, reversing damage caused by AMD is not possible, but supplements, protection from sunlight, eating a balanced diet and quitting smoking can reduce the risk and progression of macular degeneration. Dr. Navarro has done extensive study into the mechanism of disease that affect the eye and their diagnosis and treatment. Dr. Navarro has managed many patients with dry  macular degeneration.


Orange Plaza Optometry has the experience and equipment necessary to diagnose and often treat the eye diseases detailed above, as well as many other eye diseases, at our office in Redlands. For more information please schedule an appointment with your optometrist, and we’ll be in touch with you shortly.